Solid Plastic tire

How to Select the Right Composite Wheel for your Equipment?

Jan 18, 2016

Choosing a composite wheel is like choosing a shoe for an athlete. Many different variables need to be considered before you buy. The wheel should support the application equipment so that it provides a comfortable ride. It should provide the right amount of speed and traction, and must take the impact of the ground in an application area into consideration.

Factors to Consider when Choosing a Composite Wheel

The following points should be taken into account when choosing a composite wheel for an application.

  • Aesthetics: You should have an idea of what style and color you prefer when starting the selection process.  Often times the hub design will determine your size options and availability.
  • Application Equipment Weight:The amount of load that the wheel needs to take will determine the size of the wheel. Hence, the heavier the load, the larger the composite wheel.  The weight will also influence the wheel’s mobility.
  • Application Conditions.The surface on which the wheel will be used should also be considered. The user should put in little effort to move the vehicle or equipment. If used only indoors, the wheel material should be designed to not spoil the flooring or carpeting. If used outside factors like ground conditions should be considered.
  • Rolling Ease:The larger the wheel diameter, the easier it rolls. Roller bearings carry heavier loads. Ball bearings roll easier but carry lesser loads. When possible, use the largest ball bearing wheel for best results.  In many cases a simple through bore will be sufficient. You should also know how the wheel is going to be mounted and secured, if an offset is needed, and what shape/size axle you will be mounting to.
  • Climate:The composite wheel should be designed with a material that is known for its temperature resistance and durability. It should be able to work in extreme temperatures.
  • Wheel Diameter: The wheel diameter is decided based on amount of time the equipment will be used, and the distance it has to cover on a regular basis. For example, the diameter of the wheel should be between 4 and 6ʺ for hand pushed vehicles with short travel in confined areas. For longer travel, the diameter needs to be between 7 and 20ʺ.

Most importantly, please ensure that you contact a reliable manufacturer and distributor. Let them understand your requirements before you begin choosing your composite wheel. This way, you will get a wheel that will meet your specific requirements.

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